Announcing a fixed package of 341 billion for the agriculture sector, the Minister said that the agricultural incentives given in the current budget are being presented as a distinguishing mark of the budget. Fertilizers, agricultural drugs and equipment have been cheapened somewhat and the electricity prices of tube wells have decreased. The announcement is giving the impression that this package will usher in a new era of farmer prosperity.
But I have to say with regret that with these privileges there is no possibility of any change in the economic and social life of the common farmer.
Yes, the goodwill of this budget will shine the backbone of industrial groups associated with agricultural interventions, as the consumption of fertilizers and agricultural drugs in the field will increase and the wheels of the industry will quickly open to meet this demand. The widespread use of KG is also expected to have a positive impact on agricultural production. And thanks to this productive improvement, the country’s economic agricultural indicators may improve next year.
But what will an ordinary and small farmer get with this promotion – just haif and jealousy? Which he has inherited for generations.
Let’s add a little calculation to assess the current budget impacts on the small farmer.
Suppose a farmer wants to cultivate cotton on a five acre area. For better production he will need about five sacks of DAP and ten sacks of urea fertilizer. The rupees will get cheaper. Thus, the cost of production will be less than Rs.6000 per fertilizer. To protect the plant from herbs and pests, about 30 bottles of agricultural medicine will be required. Percentage tax has been abolished so expect to get Rs 50 per bottle cheaper, which will reduce the cost of production by Rs 1500. Pydaauar it takes to get up from the 25 per acre. Thus, the total production of the five acre pavement is expected to be 125 min. Now the farmer will take his capital on the trolley to sell it to his nearest market. This is the step in the entire agricultural process on which the farmer’s prosperity. For example, if he gets Rs 4,000 per minute for a burst, he will get Rs 500,000 in total. But if the price drops to Rs 2,000 (as in previous years). If the wind is up, then one and a half lakh rupees will come out of the farmer’s pocket.
If you take Rs 2.5 lakh from one farmer’s pocket and put Rs 7500 in another pocket, will that make the farmer prosperous? Obviously such a distinction cannot be named farmer’s prosperity. The secret of the growth and prosperity of the people lies in the fact that its produce can be purchased at reasonable prices.
For this, it will be necessary to set up agricultural commodity support prices and increase exports. And the interest of the farmer has to be taken into account in the volatility of prices in the local markets while importing.
I have listened carefully to the budget speech, but the whole speech did not address these issues. Therefore, the aspect of agriculture which was expected to improve the life of the common farmer has been neglected, but in this regard. Government policies are based on peasant exploitation. For example, cotton production was down 28% in the country last year. Due to this clear logistics and demand gap, there was a clear possibility of bursting prices. But if proper customs duties were imposed, the farmer could be compensated for less productivity.
This is just one example. The import and export game of trade and intervention has exploited the farmer for good.
Last year, the good thing happened. But after a year, when the government is presenting the next economic survey in 2017, it is proudly announcing the progress of agriculture and the prosperity of the farmer. All the indicators of agriculture have been positive because of our policies. The agriculture industry has flourished and the farmers have flourished.
Whereas in the echo of this declaration, the farmer will have his own weeping wail that his ancestors have been crying for many generations that there is no one to shed his tears. It may take a while for the farmer’s tears to dry up.